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tv   Sanjay Gupta MD  CNN  August 5, 2012 7:30am-8:00am EDT

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believe that? >> the climate over the olympic games because of what happened in the last decade regarding the rampant use of drugs brings suspicion. it's not fair to her, but i think it's important to understand that while they're doing some projected 6,000 tests here at the olympic game, that doesn't tell us what the athlete was doing as much as nine months ago. the october/november/december time frame typically is when olympic athletes use anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs to build the explosive power and speed base that serves them months later at the olympic games. it would possibly be easy for an athlete to do an injection of epo and already is a significantly elevated hematacrit or increased red blood vessel and that clears in less than a day. the benefits would carry over throughout the two weeks of the
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olympic competition. to show up at the games and get a positive drug test, that's more of an i.q. test than it is a drug test. they've used these drugs long before, have been benefiting for months and months before they get there. i think there needs to be a reallocation of funding that's available to fight the use of peds and use that for available funds and testing needs to be done long before they get to the london games. >> and to be clear, you're talking about peds, performance enhancing drugs, and people using them before the games as part of their training regimen. you obviously made a name for yourself by helping top athletes, including olympians, to do this, to cheat essentially. when you were trying to beat the system on behalf of your athletes, was that your strategy? >> well, that's when the athletes were using the drugs. not so much at and during the competition, but months ahead of time. >> one thing that comes up, and
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you know, if you think about this, even in the pregame time period, there is this issue of timing. for example, to be in the olympics, top swimmers have to submit to a schedule offering an hour every day when they can be tested. again, i'm not talking about during the games. i'm talking about pregames. every day they have to be available for that test. if the testers can't find them, they actually -- it's like they failed the test. that seems like pretty close scrutiny, mr. conte. wouldn't you agree? >> they're allowed to have two missed tests, and the third missed test is the same as a positive drug test. so this is not transparent. so they are allowed to have missed tests. so they can miss a couple of test and be using drugs and then show up and no one knows they've had two missed tests and win a gold medal. so there are drugs like fast-acting testosterone, will be back within the allow you can't believe limit within 24 hours. you can do an injection of epo which will help to maintain the level that you've built up in what they call the corrective
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pha phase. during the maintenance phase, benefits will last ten days, two weeks. they could do an injection of epo after they've already built up their red blood cell count. that will carry them over through the entire game. it's relatively easy to beat the testing is what i'm trying to say. >> mr. victor conte, obviously you heard from the ioc representative, as well. we appreciate your comments. and we may have you back on as we get more details. i really appreciate your time. >> thank youmuch for having me. as we roll on in the olympics, i want to show what the athletes went through to get here. it's not just blood, sweat, and tears. at least for the u.s. team, high technology also plays a big role. michael phelps was the big name in the 100-meter butterfly. one of his toughest opponents was fellow american tyler mcgill. he knew to beat phelps he would need to improve his underwater
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kick. >> this is me here. as you see, i'm in the air, and michael along with everybody else is still on the block. and so my reaction is ahead of everybody else's at this point. and i have a lead. you'll notice that everyone has -- has caught up by the time we reach the 15-meter mark. >> the breakout portion of his race as compared to michael, who is coming out at a little bit faster time, move over here to the 15-meter mark, to the 35-meter mark, he's at 11.3, 11.2, michael at 10 .9. in swimming it's big time. >> mcgill came up shy of a medal. phelps won gold. bmw has taken video analysis to the next level. adopting its expertise in designing high-performance cars and applying it to swimming.
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>> kicking underwater has become one of the most important parts of swimming. it's faster than on top of the water. but you really don't know why they go so fast or why you go faster than them. this technology, adding numbers, adding equations to this will help us evolve as swimmers. >> ricky barons is sparchlti ieg with the new technology. marking six points where the body bends on the swimmer -- the wrist, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle, and toe. the software connects the dots. >> we have the kick frequency. we have the kick depth. we have the kick rate. this is really going to help usa swimming to help determine what makes a great dolphin kick. >> what swimmers wear affects their aerodynamics. and this year, it's evolved even more. >> the more fabric you can put on the human body, the faster it's going to be. the whole idea from a fluid dynamic perspective is to keep the body as uniform as possible. kind of like a torpedo.
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>> incidentally, the same goes for track and field athletes. >> we added texture to the suit to make it faster. so if you look really close, there's dimensions to it, texture to it. so it turns out smooth, does not equal fast. shaves off 0.023 seconds. this is not just a difference between first and second place. this is the difference of being on a podium or not. >> we've got more olympics ahead. we're going to meet the swim champion who needed heart surgery just to make it to london. bthursday.led up on a the perfect use of the 7th inning stretch. get that great taste anytime with kingsford match light charcoal. [ music plays, record skips ] hi, i'm new ensure clear. clear, huh? my nutritional standards are high. i'm not juice or fancy water, i'm different. i've got nine grams of protein.
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rebecca sony is one of the real stars of the u.s. olympic swim team. this week in london, she took silver in her first event, the 100 breast. she almost didn't make it here at all. a lot of people don't realize this. to make her breakthrough as a swimmer, she had to undergo surgery on her heart. >> great swim by rebecca sony. >> these days, rebecca seasony is used to getting to the wall first. but being an olympic swimmer wasn't always part of the plan. >> never crossed my mind. when we grew up, my family, we didn't watch a lot of sports. my parents were from europe, so we didn't understand the american sports, football, baseball, and they just didn't watch very much tv in general. so i never had those people to look up to and be like, oh, i want to be like them. >> as she began to excel, she
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refocused her goals. but an unexpected obstacle got in her way. >> i was diagnosed with svt. it was basically a rapid heart rate but only at certain times. usually exercise induced. and all of a sudden my heart rate would go up to the highest i counted was 400 beats per minute. it would only last about five minutes, kind of lose feeling in my arms and legs. i would climb out of the pool. >> her heart condition required her to take it easy in practice. something soni doesn't like to do. >> it would happen in the hardest part of practice, the most important part. >> six years ago as the episodes became more frequent, soni decided to have an operation to remove abnormal tissue from her heart. when she was healthy again, she dove back into training and qualified for the 2008 olympic in beijing where she won one gold and two silver medals. >> i definitely feel like i had the meat of my life in 2008. the race of my life -- meet of
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my life in 2008. the race of my liv. to win a gold medal and break a record record in one race was that ultimate moment of sport. >> even so, soni wasn't ready to hang up her suit. >> i could have probably walked away and been happy, but i still felt like i had a little bit more to give to the sport. i'm just excited to race. >> and thursday night, she did it again. rebecca set a world record on -- and won a gold medal in her favorite race. congratulations. next, the longest distance interview i've ever done. nasa astronaut sonny williams will join me from the international space station. [ buzz ] off to work! did you know honey nut cheerios is america's favorite cereal? oh, you're good! hey, did you know that honey nut cheerios is... oh you too! ooh, hey america's favorite cereal is... honey nut cheerios ok then off to iceland!
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obama care, whether you love it or hate it, it's here. it's been phased in piece by piece, and this week some big, new changes are in effect specifically for women. insurance must now cover eight new types of preventive care. take a look here. the benefits include contraceptives, breast-feeding supplies, and screenings for jeez terrib gestational diabetes, as well as domestic violence counseling. routine checkups for breast and pelvic exams, pap tests, and prenatal care. the services are in addition to preventive benefit that have already taken effect. there's going to be no co-pay or deductible for any of it. about 47 million women will be covered by the new changes. that's not everyone because older insurance plans are grandfathered in and don't have to change. what we're hearing is starting in 2014, 90% of insurance
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companies will have to offer this coverage. i've been training pretty hard for my big triathalon next month. every time i need inspiration, i think about my friend and nasa astronaut, suni williams. she's going to be racing the same race, except she's going to be doing it in space at the international space station. i spoke with her earlier about life aboard the space station and also how her training is coming along. you took me around a mockup, obviously, of where you are now. we talked a lot aboutcinated by. even got a sleep pod. how are you sleeping? how does it feel up there? >> interesting question, you know, people always ask, like, how do you sleep? of course there'scourse, there'e have sleeping bags. and it's been great. you close the doors. it's quiet. it's dark in there. we all have our own tap lops in there so we can email while
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we're in there. it's actually been really nice. eating has been great. you know, everything's been pretty perfect so far. >> yeah. and one of the other things i did when i visited you at the johnson space center was to do a virtual reality spacewalk. it was a remarkably challenging thing i think for myself. i got nauseated even in the virtual reality. do you have any spacewalks planned? >> yeah. we have one planned for the end of august. we have a big box, big computer power switching unit outside that we're going to switch out. and also run some cables from the u.s. segment back to the russian segment to provide power for a module they'll put up in the future. the only big thing is where that big emu or space suit that you saw up front and close, that's still hard to work in, and that's why we work out pretty much a lot, every day, while we're here up on the space station to make sure we're physically ready to do the
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spacewalk. >> that's a perfect transition, being physically ready. you and i also have decided to do this triathlon together in september in malibu. you're going to do it in space. i'm going to do it on earth. it was one of the most fascinating things for me to watch you train on earth. and you've done the boston marathon from space, i believe, back in 2007. how is your training going? >> the adeptation is great for space. up here, everything feels a little bit easier. but then when you start simulating gravity, and you have a harness pulling you down, or on the weight lifting machine and you're doing squats and dead lifts against a weight based on vacuum, it hurts. so this first two weeks, we've sort of used as a just get used to the equipment, get used to
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the p the protocols that we're doing. i think we're ready to start building on it. so just watch out because now i'm ready to really start preparing for the triathlon. and watching the olympics up here has been really motivating to turn us all into good athletes. >> i also visited the food lab when i was with you. and i think people imagine that food in outer space to be pretty bland. how is it going for you up there? are you getting the food that you want? >> it gets a little tiring drinking your coffee out of a bag, but i'll enjoy my cup of coffee when i get home. six months is a small price to pay not enjoying that coffee in the morning sitting out on the porch. >> thank you so much for joining us. sunita, i am looking forward to do the triathlon when you get back. >> thanks. see you out on the road there. a lot of the triathletes i know are also coffee drinkers
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like suni. so for us here on earth, i decided to take you behind the scenes of an organic coffee plantation. just how healthy is that morning cup of coffee? nature can surprise you sometimes... next time, you drive. next time, signal your turn. ...that's why we got a subaru. love wherever the road takes you. but they haven't experienced extra strength bayer advanced aspirin. in fact, in a recent survey, 95% of people who tried it agreed that it relieved their headache fast. visit today for a special trial offer.
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if you're like most americans, you've already had a cup of coffee this morning. most americans drink 3.1 cups a day. the question is, is it good for you? we came to the right place to answer this question, and i'm going to ask the right guy as well. come with me. what you're looking at is an organic coffee farm. you're hearing it as well. in fact, it's the highest coffee farm in all of hawaii.
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and the guy who founded it is right here, trent payton. >> aloha. >> thank you for having us. organic coffee. what does that mean? >> well, first, you can't use pesticides, herbicides. if you do use fertilizer, it has to be fertilizer as well. >> they look like fruit. >> this coffee comes from the flower. and then it becomes a fruit, just like citrus. it goes green. and you grow to color. and i'm going to squeeze this and pop out the two beans. >> so these are cully what the coffee -- that's how it starts? >> two coffee beans and a cherry. we call it coffee cherry. >> one of the things i hear, triathletes and others alike, is that coffee can be healthy in moderate doses. >> in moderation, yeah. the studies have shown that if you drink too much coffee, it can be not be good for your heart. but two cups a day is good for your heart. >> and there are specific things in the beans themselves but also
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the skin. i've heard about chromium, magnesium being helpful for people with diabetes. but what is it about the skins even that can be of such value? >> anti-oxidants. radical absorption capabilities. it's over 700 units per gram, which is about nine times higher than blueberries. there are acids in it which are also anti-oxidants. so it's become the new hawaii super fruit. >> and this is all hand picked as well, right? >> everything in kona is hand picked, one-by-one. >> you really dry the -- >> we are drying the coffee in the sun. it's all sun dried. the sun actually puts some of the essence into the beans to make the very best coffee. >> how long does that take? >> about three days in the sun. once it's dry, we bring it to
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this facility here, which is a dry mill line. all of it goes into the hopper here. the hopper starts the conveying of the line. goes into the huller. it peels the skin. it goes onto the sizer and density classifier. so the coffee here is a lower grault than the coffee here. see? >> yeah. >> and then it's on its way to the color sorter, then off to the roaster, and then off to the fresh cup of kona coffee. >> and we even got to try some of that coffee, and it was great good. unfortunately that will wrap things up for sgmd today. we'll be looking at a vaccine for brain cancer next time. keep that conversation going on twitter at @sanjaygupta cnn. now time for the top stories on
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"cnn newsroom." this is "cnn sunday morning." 100 million miles. $2.6 billion. nasa's curiosity rover expected to land on mars tonight. plus -- >> is she allowed to have a boyfriend? >> no. >> party on the weekends? >> no. >> is she allowed to take a few days off and just not train when she's worn out? >> no. >> a lifetime of sacrifices may lead to a necklace of gold. but regardless of performance, three american boxers will make history in london just by showing up. all the pomp but none of the pressure. want to know the best job in the country? we'll have one comedian's take. good morning, everyone. i'm randi kaye. thank you for starting your morning with us. we begin in syria where rebels
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are braces for what could be a final showdown with the government military. the government troops are advancing on the city of aleppo. warplanes and tanks have been pounding the commercial hub relentlessly. opposition fighters say they have surrounded aleppo's highest point, where regime forces are already holed up. senior international correspondent ben wideman is in syria. >> reporter: clearly, the syrians far outgun the rebels. and the concern is that we are really on the verge of a major government counteroffensive to win back control of aleppo, syria's biggest city, and its commercial hub. of course the concern among syrian officials in damascus is that if aleppo falls, that's really the end of the game


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